Edgar Allan Poe

BirthDay:

19 Jan 1809

BirthPlace:

Boston, Massachusetts, USA

BirthName:

Edgar Poe

Bio:

Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. His father, named David Poe Jr., and his mother, named Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins Poe, were touring actors. Both parents died in 1811, and Poe became an orphan before he was 3 years old. He was adopted by John Allan, a tobacco merchant in Richmond, Virginia, and was sent to a boarding school in London, England. He later attended the University of Virginia for one year, but dropped out and ran up massive gambling debts after spending all of his tuition money. John Allan broke off Poe's engagement to his fiancée Sarah Royster. Poe was heartbroken, traumatized, and broke. He had no way out and enlisted in the army in May of 1827. At the same time Poe published his first book, "Tamerlane and Other Poems" (1827). In 1829, he became a West Point cadet, but was dismissed after 6 months for disobedience. By that time he published "Al Aaraf" (1929) and "Poems by Edgar A. Poe" (1831), with the funds contributed by his fellow cadets. His early poetry, though written in the manner of Lord Byron, already shows the musical effects of his verses.

Poe moved in with his widowed aunt, Maria Clemm, and her teenage daughter, Virginia Eliza Clemm, whom he married before she was 14 years old. He earned respect as a critic and writer. In his essays "The Poetic Principle" and "The Philosophy of Composition," Poe formulated important literary theories. But his career suffered from his compulsive behavior and from alcoholism. He did produce, however, a constant flow of highly musical poems, of which "The Raven" (1845) and "The Bells" (1849) are the finest examples. Among his masterful short stories are "Ligeia" (1838), "The Fall of the House of Usher"(1839) and "The Masque of the Red Death". Following his own theory of creating "a certain unique or single effect", Poe invented the genre of the detective story. His works: "The Murder in the Rue Morgue" (1841) is probably the first detective story ever published.

Just when his life began to settle, Poe was devastated by the death of his wife Virginia in 1847. Two years later he returned to Richmond and resumed a relationship with his former fiancée, Sarah Royster, who, by that time, was a widow. But shortly after their happy reconciliation he was found unconscious on a street in Baltimore. Poe was taken to the Washington College Hospital where Doctor John Moran diagnosed "lesions on the brain" (the Doctor believed Poe was mugged). He died 4 days later, briefly coming in and out of consciousness, just to whisper his last words, "Lord, help my poor soul." The real cause of his death is still unknown and his death certificate has disappeared. Poe's critic and personal enemy, named Rufus Griswold, published an insulting obituary; later he visited Poe's home and took away all of the writer's manuscripts (which he never returned), and published his "Memoir" of Poe, in which he forged a madman image of the writer.

The name of the woman in Poe's poem "Annabel Lee" was used by Vladimir Nabokov in 'Lolita' as the name for Humbert's first love, Annabelle Leigh. Nabokov also used in 'Lolita' some phrases borrowed from the poem of Edgar Allan Poe. "The Fall of the House of Usher" was set to music by Claude Debussy as an opera. Sergei Rachmaninoff created a musical tribute to Poe by making his favorite poem "The Bells" into the eponymous Choral Symphony.
Filmography

Writer ( 230 credits )

Ligeia (2017) (short story)
Steven Berkoff's Tell Tale Heart (2017) (story)
The Tell-Tale Heart (2016) (inspired by)
Edgar Allan Poe's Lighthouse Keeper (2016) (original story)
The Fantasmagori (2016) (1 episode, 2016)
Animus: The Tell-Tale Heart (2015) (story)
Stonehearst Asylum (2014) (based on a short story by)
The Raven (2014) (story)
Terroir (2014) (story "The Cask of Amontillado")
Lenore (2014)
O Homem das Multidões (2013) (short story)
Contos do Edgar (2013) (5 episodes, 2013)
Within (2012) (influenced by a poem of)
Music Box (2012) (story "The Tell-Tale Heart")
Berenice (2012) (original story)
Requiem for the Damned (2012) (stories)
El corazón delator (2012) (story)
The Fall of the House of Usher (2012)
The Oval Portrait (2011) (writer)
Morella (2011) (story)
Focus (2011) (short story)
The Raven (2010) (based in part on a story by)
The Tell-Tale Heart (2010) (based on a short story by)
The Masque of the Red Death (2010) (original story)
True (2010)
The Raven (2010) (story)
Oysters & Pearls (2010)
La morte rossa (2009) (story)
The Tomb (2009)
Expediente EV-0043 (2009) (based on a story by)
The Tell-Tale Heart (2009) (short story)
This Evening's Discourse (2009) (short story)
The Pit and the Pendulum (2009) (story)
Tell Tale (2009)
The Last Ache (2009) (story)
The Tell-Tale Heart (2009) (adapted from the classic story by)
The Tell-Tale Heart (2009) (short story)
Annabel Lee (2009) (screen story)
The Gold Bug (2009) (short story)
Point of No Return (2009) (1 episode, 2010)
The Tell-Tale Heart (2008) (story)
The Raven (2008) (adapted from the poem written by)
Morella (2008) (story)
The Tell Tale Heart (2008) (short story)
The Tell-Tale Heart (2008) (story)
The Tell Tale Heart (2008) (original story)
The Tell-Tale Heart (2007)
Congestion of the Brain (2007) (story)
Berenice (2007) (story)
Never Bet the Devil Your Head (2007) (screenplay)
E.A.P. (2007) (story)
El cuervo (2007)
The Bottle of Chateau Margaux (2007) (short story "The Cask of Amontillado")
The Tell Tale Heart (2006) (story)
The Tell-Tale Heart (2006) (story)
Nightmares from the Mind of Poe (2006) (stories)
The House of Usher (2006) (story)
Racconti neri (2006) (4 episodes, 2006)
Der Verrückte, das Herz und das Auge (2006) (story "The Tell-Tale Heart")
Lunacy (2005) (story) and
Berenice (2005) (story)
Masters of Horror (2005) (1 episode, 2007)
Krui-TV (2004) (1 episode, 2011)
Il gatto nero (2003) (novel)
Das verräterische Herz (2003) (story "The Tell-Tale Heart")
The Raven (2003) (poem)
The Night Prowler (2002) (book)
Killed by Lightning (2002)
Alone (2002)
The Mesmerist (2002)
Hatred of a Minute (2002)
Silencio (2002) (story)
The Fall of the Louse of Usher: A Gothic Tale for the 21st Century (2002) (story "Usher") (uncredited)
El corazón delator (2001)
The Fear (2001) (story)
Le portrait ovale (2001) (novel)
Usher (2000)
The Raven (2000) (poem) (as E.A. Poe)
Morella (1999) (story)
The Raven... Nevermore (1999) (poem)
El escarabajo de oro (1999) (novel)
William Wilson (1999) (story)
Corazón delator (1999) (story "The Tell-Tale Heart")
Corazón delator (1999)
Mind's Eye (1998)
The Oval Portrait (1997) (story)
Tales of Mystery and Imagination (1995) (2 episodes)
Drug-Taking and the Arts (1993) (devised by)
The Mummy Lives (1993)
Tale of a Vampire (1992) (based on a story)
La chute de la maison Usher (1992) (novel)
The Pit and the Pendulum (1991) (story)
Two Evil Eyes (1990) (stories)
Buried Alive (1990) (story)
The Haunting of Morella (1990) (story)
The Masque of the Red Death (1989)
Masque of the Red Death (1989) (short story)
The House of Usher (1989) (story)
Demons 6: De Profundis (1989) (story "The Black Cat")
The Simpsons (1989) (1 episode, 1990)
The Rose King (1986)
El hombre de la multitud (1986) (story)
The Wild Raven (1985) (poem)
American Masters (1985) (1 episode, 1995)
Berenice (1985) (story)
Kyvadlo, jáma a nadeje (1984) (story "The Pit and the Pendulum")
Revenge in the House of Usher (1983)
En busca del dragón dorado (1983) (story "The Gold-Bug")
Zánik domu Usheru (1982) (story "The Fall of the House of Usher")
The Black Cat (1981) (story)
Histoires extraordinaires (1981) (6 episodes, 1981)
The Fog (1980)
ABC Weekend Specials (1977) (1 episode, 1980)
Valdemar, el homonculus dormido (1977) (novel)
The Destroying Angel (1976) (story)
The Fall of the House of Usher (1976) (story)
El acomodador (1975)
El quinto jinete (1975) (1 episode, 1975)
Les grands détectives (1975) (1 episode, 1974)
Night of the Assassins (1974) (story "The Cat and the Canary")
Satanás de todos los horrores (1974) (story "The Fall of The House of Usher") (as Edgar A.
Los libros (1974) (1 episode, 1974)
Narciso Ibáñez Serrador presenta a Narciso Ibáñez Menta (1974) (2 episodes, 1974)
The Sabbat of the Black Cat (1973) (story "The Black Cat")
House of Madness (1973) (story "The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether
Centre Play (1973) (2 episodes, 1975-1976)
Your Vice Is a Locked Room and Only I Have the Key (1972) (story "The Black Cat")
One Minute Before Death (1972) (story "The Oval Portrait")
Legend of Horror (1972) (story "The Tell Tale Heart")
The Tell-Tale Heart (1971) (story)
Murders in the Rue Morgue (1971) (story)
Ficciones (1971) (1 episode, 1972)
La maschera della morte rossa (1971)
An Evening of Edgar Allan Poe (1970) (stories)
Maska crvene smrti (1969) (story)
World Wide Adventures: Annabel Lee (1969) (novel)
The Oblong Box (1969) (additional dialogue)
Spirits of the Dead (1968) (adaptation) (segment "William Wilson") &
The Conqueror Worm (1968)
House of Evil (1968) (story)
Hora once (1968) (1 episode, 1971)
The Torture Chamber of Dr. Sadism (1967)
The Black Cat (1966)
Mystery and Imagination (1966) (2 episodes, 1966-1968)
City in the Sea (1965)
Master of Horror (1965) (stories "The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar" and "T
Terror-Creatures from the Grave (1965) (story)
The Tomb of Ligeia (1964) (short story)
Castle of Blood (1964) ("Dance Macabre")
The Masque of the Red Death (1964)
Detective (1964) (1 episode, 1968)
Historias para no dormir (1964) (3 episodes, 1966-1967)
The Haunted Palace (1963)
The Blancheville Monster (1963) (screenplay) (as Jean Grimaud)
The Raven (1963) (poem)
Novela (1963) (1 episode, 1978)
Tras la puerta cerrada (1963) (1 episode, 1967)
Tales of Terror (1962)
Premature Burial (1962)
The Pit (1962)
Pit and the Pendulum (1961)
Great Ghost Tales (1961) (1 episode, 1961)
Le scarabée d'or (1961)
Obras maestras del terror (1960) (stories The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar, The Cas
The Tell-Tale Heart (1960)
Obras maestras del terror (1960) (tales) (segments "The Facts in the Case of M. Valdema
House of Usher (1960) (story "The Fall of The House of Usher")
Thriller (1960) (1 episode, 1961)
The Robert Herridge Theater (1960) (1 episode, 1960)
Actor's Choice (1960) (1 episode, 1970)
The Tell-Tale Heart (1958) (story)
Armchair Theatre (1956) (1 episode, 1957)
Manfish (1956) (stories The Gold Bug and The Tell-Tale Heart)
Matinee Theatre (1955) (3 episodes, 1956-1957)
Phantom of the Rue Morgue (1954) (story "The Murders in the Rue Morgue")
Manicomio (1954) (story "Una equivocación") (as Alexandr Ivanovich Kupr
Die Galerie der großen Detektive (1954) (1 episode, 1954)
Bérénice (1954) (story)
The Tell-Tale Heart (1953) (story)
Your Favorite Story (1953) (1 episode, 1953)
Coração Delator (1953) (story "The Tell-Tale Heart")
La résurrection de Barnabé (1953) (short story)
The Tell-Tale Heart (1953) (story "The Tell-Tale Heart")
Monodrama Theater (1952) (1 episode, 1953)
Der Rabe (1951) (poem)
The Cuckoo Clock (1950)
The Fall of the House of Usher (1950) (story)
Unusual Tales (1949)
Suspense (1949) (2 episodes, 1949-1952)
Fireside Theatre (1949) (1 episode, 1949)
Actor's Studio (1948) (1 episode, 1949)
Lights Out (1946) (3 episodes, 1949-1952)
Mystery of Marie Roget (1942) (story)
The Tell-Tale Heart (1941) (story)
The Black Cat (1941)
The Crime of Doctor Crespi (1935) (based on the story by)
The Raven (1935) (poem)
Bucket of Blood (1934) (story "The Tell-Tale Heart")
The Black Cat (1934) (suggested by a story by) (credit only)
The Living Dead (1932)
Murders in the Rue Morgue (1932) (story)
Operené stíny (1931) (short story)
L'étrange fiancée (1930) (story)
The Fall of the House of Usher (1928) (story) (as Poe)
The Telltale Heart (1928) (story "The Tell-tale Heart")
The Fall of the House of Usher (1928) (short story)
Prelude (1927)
A Spectre Haunts Europe (1923)
Edgar Allan Poe (1922) (poem)
Annabelle Lee (1921)
Eerie Tales (1919) (story "Die Hand") (segment "2")
Die Pest in Florenz (1919)
Isle of Oblivion (1917)
Freitag, der 13. - Das unheimliche Haus, 2. Teil (1916)
The Avenging Conscience: or 'Thou Shalt Not Kill' (1914) (stories The Pit and the Pendulum, The Tell-Tale Heart
The Murders in the Rue Morgue (1914) (story)
The Golden Beetle (1914) (story The Gold Bug)
The Bells (1913) (poem)
The Bells (1913) (poem)
The Student of Prague (1913) (story "William Wilson")
The Pit and the Pendulum (1913) (story)
Dr. Goudron's System (1913) (story "The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether
The Raven (1912) (poem)
The Vengeance of Edgard Poe (1912) (short story)
The Sealed Room (1909) (novel) (uncredited)
Le puits et le pendule (1909) (writer)
Sherlock Holmes in the Great Murder Mystery (1908) (novel)
Silêncio & Sombra (0) (inspired by)
The Mask of the Red Death (0) (based on a story by)
The Tell-tale Heart (0)