Winston Churchill

BirthDay:

30 Nov 1874

BirthPlace:

Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, UK

BirthName:

Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill

Bio:

Born in Blenheim Palace, the residence of his grandfather, the 7th Duke of Marlborough. His father was the Duke's third son, Lord Randolph Churchill. His mother, Jennie Jerome, was the daughter of an American financier.

After passing through famous English public schools such as Harrow, he went on to fulfill his ambition for a life in the army. He fought in various parts of the British Empire until in 1900 when he won the Conservative seat in Oldham in the general election. From here until 1929 he held various offices in British Parliament.

The 1930s saw Adolf Hitler rise to power and dominate much of Europe. When war was declared between Britain and Germany in 1939, Neville Chamberlain was British Prime Minister. On May 10, 1940 Hitler's forces struck at Holland, Belgium, and France. Chamberlain was seen by many as a weak leader and they longed for a more forceful leader with whom Britain could feel safe. Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, was chosen to become Prime Minister (at the age of 65). It could be said that Churchill's fiery energy had never been experienced before in British politics and suddenly it seemed as though Britain could face the Naz giant. He made a speech on 13 May: "You ask: 'What is our policy?' I will say: 'It is to wage war by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us: to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark lamentable catalog of human crime.' That is our policy. You ask: 'What is our aim?' I can answer in one word: 'Victory! Victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory however long and hard the road may be; for without victory there is no survival.'"

The United States entered the war after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The US's participation was excellent news to Churchill and after success on D-Day and as the Nazi forces were gradually forced back, the war in Europe gradually drew to a close. He was re-elected as Prime Minister in 1951 but because of deteriorating health he left the public scene. He died at Hyde Park Gate, London, on January 24, 1965 at the age of 90. He had succeeded in the uniting of thought and deed. He had succeeded in uniting everyone in the common purpose, inspiring them with fortitude and strength to face whatever hardships that would have to be incurred in the process of first surviving and ultimately winning the war. His daughter Mary wrote to him on his death bed: "I owe you what every Englishman, woman, and child owes you -- liberty itself."
Filmography

Actor ( 176 credits )

The Man from U.N.C.L.E. (2015) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Il ragazzo della Folgore (2015) (archive footage)
Victoria Derbyshire (2015)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2016)
Secrets of Great British Castles (2015)  Himself - World War II Prime Minister (archive footage
Conspiracy (2015)  Himself - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (archiv
The Imitation Game (2014) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
The Roosevelts: An Intimate History (2014)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2014)
Perry and Croft: Made in Britain (2014) (archive footage) (1 episode, 2014)
Dalla Corsica alla linea gotica (2013) Himself (archive footage)
The Spirit of '45 (2013) Himself (archive footage)
L' ultimo esploratore - vita e avventure del barone Franchetti (2013) Himself (archive footage)
Universum History (2013)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2016)
Lundi en histoires (2013)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2014)
London - The Modern Babylon (2012) Himself / Former Prime Minister (archive footage)
Edward & George: Two Brothers, One Throne (2012) Himself (archive footage)
Sabbia e ferro (2012) (archive footage)
America's Book of Secrets (2012)  Himself (uncredited) (1 episode, 2012)
Turn Back Time: The Family (2012)  Himself (1 episode, 2012)
The Diamond Queen (2012)  Himself (2 episodes, 2012)
The Untold History of the United States (2012)  Himself - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (archiv
Ethos (2011) Himself (archive footage)
Perspectives (2011) (archive footage) (1 episode, 2013)
Uno scrittore al fronte (2010) (archive footage)
Nazi Collaborators (2010)  Himself (4 episodes, 2010)
Der zweite Weltkrieg (2009)  Himself (1 episode, 2010)
World War II in Color (2009)  Himself (archive footage) (6 episodes, 2010-2011)
Convoy: War for the Atlantic (2009)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2009)
The Soviet Story (2008) Himself (archive footage)
Superpower (2008) Himself (archive footage)
Hitler's Bodyguard (2008)  Himself (archive footage) (2 episodes, 2010)
Chasing Churchill: In Search of My Grandfather (2008)  Himself - Grandfather of Host (archive footage) (1 epi
Trumbo (2007) Himself (archive footage)
Taking Liberties (2007) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Weaponology (2007)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2008)
Tehran Has No More Pomegrenates! (2007) Himself (archive footage)
Abdication: A Very British Coup (2006) Himself (archive footage)
Los que quisieron matar a Franco (2006) Himself (archive footage)
The Laws of Life in a Colony of Bees (2006) Himself (archive sound)
The Goebbels Experiment (2005) Himself (archive footage)
How Art Made the World (2005)  Himself (uncredited) (1 episode, 2005)
Man, Moment, Machine (2005)  Himself (1 episode, 2005)
Churchill's Bodyguard (2005)  Himself (13 episodes, 2005)
First Command (2005)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2005)
Die Zweite Republik - Eine unglaubliche Geschichte (2005)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2005)
Churchill: The Hollywood Years (2004) Roy Bubbles (archive footage) (uncredited)
In Enemy Hands (2004) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Celsius 41.11: The Temperature at Which the Brain... Begins to Die (2004) Himself (archive footage)
Winston Churchill. Ot lubvi do nenavisti (2004) (archive footage)
Hexen - Magie, Mythen und die Wahrheit (2004)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2003)
Map Makers (2004)  Himself (archive footage) (uncredited) (unknown episod
The Corporation (2003) Himself - Potsdam (archive footage) (uncredited)
Charlie: The Life and Art of Charles Chaplin (2003) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Churchill (2003)  Himself (3 episodes, 2003)
Days That Shook the World (2003)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 2003)
The Burning Wall (2002) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Gladiators of World War II (2002)  Himself (uncredited) (11 episodes, 2002)
Pearl Harbor (2001) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Star Trek: Enterprise (2001)  Himself (uncredited) (1 episode, 2004)
War Stories with Oliver North (2001)  Himself (6 episodes, 2002-2007)
Bomber Command (2001) (archive footage)
In Our Own Hands (2000) Himself - with Royal Navy Officers (archive footage) (u
Canada: A People's History (2000)  Himself (unknown episodes)
New York: A Documentary Film (1999)  Himself (with Al Smith atop Empire State Bldg) (unknow
Nazis: The Occult Conspiracy (1998) Himself (archive footage)
Sworn to Secrecy: Secrets of War (1998)  Himself (2 episodes)
Secrets of World War II (1998)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 1998)
The Long Way Home (1997) Himself - on V-E Day with Bevin (archive footage)
Hitler's Generals (1996)  Himself (1 episode, 1996)
Life and Times (1996)  Himself (1 episode, 2000)
A Web of War (1996) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Enola Gay and the Atomic Bombing of Japan (1995) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Nixon (1995) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Xie rou chang cheng (1995)  Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Camp Nowhere (1994) Himself - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (voice)
Time Capsule: WW II - War in Europe (1994) Himself (archive footage)
Unsolved Mysteries of World War II (1992)  Himself (archive footage) (unknown episodes)
Anglia at War (1992)  Himself (archive footage) (2 episodes, 1992)
Mackenzie King and the Conscription Crisis (1991) Himself - Arrives for Quebec Conference: Barely Visible
Empire of the Air: The Men Who Made Radio (1991) Himself - Finest Hour Speech (archive sound) (uncredite
I nichego bolshe (1988) Himself (archive footage)
The American Experience (1988)  Himself (archive footage) (3 episodes, 1994-1997)
Biography (1987)  Himself (6 episodes, 1994-1996)
When the Wind Blows (1986) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Return to Dresden (1986) Himself (speech) (voice) (archive footage) (uncredited)
End of Empire (1985)  Himself (archive footage) (uncredited) (1 episode, 198
Vietnam: A Television History (1983)  Himself (unknown episodes)
Seeing Red (1983) Himself (archive sound)
Genocide (1982) Himself (archive footage)
De camisa vieja a chaqueta nueva (1982) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Timewatch (1982)  Himself (2 episodes, 2004-2005)
If You Love This Planet (1982) Himself (archive footage)
Time After Time (1979) Himself - Giving 'Finest Hour' Speech (archive sound) (
Reputations (1979)  Himself (1 episode, 1983)
Loggerheads (1978) Himself (archive footage)
Leaders of the Twentieth Century (1978)  Himself (2 episodes, 1978)
Hitler, a Career (1977) Himself (archive footage)
A Bridge Too Far (1977) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Carry On England (1976) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
All This and World War II (1976) Himself (archive footage)
Canciones para después de una guerra (1976) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Hollywood on Trial (1976) Himself (archive footage)
Brother Can You Spare a Dime (1975) Himself (archive footage)
Wonder Woman (1975)  Himself (uncredited) (1 episode, 1975)
Arena (1975)  Himself (archive footage) (1 episode, 1989)
The World at War (1973)  Himself (9 episodes, 1973-1974)
Churchill, the Man (1973) Himself (archive footage)
Ben Gurion Remembers (1972) Himself (archive footage)
M*A*S*H (1972)  Himself (uncredited) (1 episode, 1976)
Colditz (1972)  Himself (uncredited) (1 episode, 1972)
And Now for Something Completely Different (1971) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Johnny Got His Gun (1971) Himself - Opening Credits (archive footage) (uncredited
No Substitute for Victory (1970) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
The Extraordinary Seaman (1969) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Cast a Giant Shadow (1966) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
A Look Back at Crossbow (1965) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
The Guns of August (1964) Himself (archive footage)
Franco: ese hombre (1964) Himself (archive footage)
Men in Crisis (1964)  Himself (1 episode, 1964)
La bataille de France (1964) Himself (archive footage)
The Victors (1963) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Was der Wehrmachtsbericht verschwieg (1963) Himself (archive footage)
Blitzkrieg (1962) Himself (archive footage)
Road to Ortona (1962) Himself (archive footage)
Days of Infamy (1962) Himself - 'Some Chicken' Speech in Ottawa (archive foot
New Directions (1962) Himself - Speech Introducing Mackenzie King (archive fo
Turn of the Tide (1962) Himself (archive footage)
Year of Siege (1962) Himself (archive footage)
The Aegean Tragedy (1961) Himself (archive footage)
The DuPont Show of the Week (1961)  Himself (1 episode, 1962)
Biography (1961)  Himself (2 episodes, 1962)
Operation Amsterdam (1959) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Vår egen tid (1959)
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond (1959)  Himself (1 episode, 1959)
Dunkirk (1958) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Something of Value (1957) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Air Power (1956)  Himself (1 episode, 1956)
Spotlight No. 5 (1954) Himself (voice) (archive footage) (uncredited)
Victory at Sea (1954) Himself (archive footage)
Project XX (1954)  Himself - British Prime Minister (1 episode, 1960)
El Alaméin (1953) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Bis fünf nach zwölf - Adolf Hitler und das 3. Reich (1953) Himself (archive footage)
A Queen Is Crowned (1953) Himself (as The Right Honourable Sir Winston Churchill)
The Hoaxters (1952) Himself (voice)
Victory at Sea (1952)  Himself (4 episodes, 1952-1953)
Communism (1952) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Näin syntyi nykypäivä... 1900-1950 (1951) Himself (archive footage)
See It Now (1951)  Himself (3 episodes, 1951-1953)
Wonderful Times (1950) Himself (archive footage)
Mid Century: Half Way to Where? (1950) Himself (archive footage)
Passport to Pimlico (1949) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Crusade in Europe (1949)  Himself (unknown episodes)
The Weaker Sex (1948) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
The Stilwell Road (1945) Himself - at Quebec with FDR (archive footage)
War Comes to America (1945) Himself (archive footage)
Universal Newsreel (1945) Himself (as Prime Minister Winston Churchill)
Universal Newsreel (1945) Himself (as Prime Minister Winston Churchill)
John Bull's Own Island (1945) Himself (archive footage)
The Battle of China (1944) Himself (archive footage)
Attack in the Pacific (1944) Himself - Cairo Conference (archive footage)
Tunisian Victory (1944) Himself (archive footage)
Know Your Ally: Britain (1944) Himself (archive footage)
The Battle of Britain (1943) Himself - with Londoners, Donates Coin on Street (archi
Mission to Moscow (1943) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Desert Victory (1943) Himself (archive footage) (as Mr. Churchill)
Vi mötte stormen (1943) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Divide and Conquer (1943) Himself - with de Gaulle and Giraud (archive footage) (
The Nazis Strike (1943) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Spitfire (1942) Himself (uncredited)
United We Stand (1942) Himself (archive footage)
This Above All (1942) Himself, in photo (uncredited)
Further Prophecies of Nostradamus (1942) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
The News Parade of the Year 1942 (1942) Himself (archive footage)
Churchill's Island (1941) Himself - Inspects Armoured Cars (archive footage) (unc
Main Street on the March! (1941) Himself (voice) (archive footage)
Words for Battle (1941) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
The Secret Four (1939) Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)

Writer ( 6 credits )

Churchill (2003) (2 episodes, 2004)
Churchill's People (1974) (26 episodes, 1974-1975)
Young Winston (1972) (based upon "My Early Life: A Roving Commission") (as
The Finest Hours (1964) (book)
Matinee Theatre (1955) (1 episode, 1956)
Words for Battle (1941) (inspired by a speech by) (uncredited)