Robert Florey

BirthDay:

14 Sep 1900

BirthPlace:

Paris, France

Bio:

Robert Florey became infatuated with Hollywood while in his teens. By the time, he set off for America in the early 1920's, he had written articles on film for Cinemagazine, La Cinematographie Francaise and Le Technicien du Film, acted and directed one-reel shorts in Switzerland and worked as an assistant for Louis Feuillade at his studio in Nice. Sent to Hollywood as a correspondent for one of his French publications, he decided to settle down and learn the film business 'from the bottom up', first as a gag writer, then as director of foreign publicity for Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford and Rudolph Valentino. In 1924, he was signed by MGM as assistant director on a two-year contract, moving on to Paramount as full director in 1928. During this period of apprenticeship, he learned the tricks of his trade under such experienced craftsmen as King Vidor and Josef von Sternberg. His first claim to directing fame were two highly acclaimed avant-garde short films, The Life and Death of 9413, a Hollywood Extra (1928), and Skyscraper Symphony (1929), both heavily influenced by German expressionist cinema. Florey was also tasked with co-directing (alongside Joseph Santley) the first wacky comedy with The Marx Brothers, The Cocoanuts (1929), shot at Paramount's Astoria studio, near Broadway.

After a spell at Ufa in 1929, Florey joined Universal in 1931. His request to write and direct Frankenstein (1931) with Bela Lugosi was initially accepted. However, producer Carl Laemmle Jr. ultimately disliked Lugosi 's make-up for the monster, and Lugosi himself resented not having a speaking part. Much of Florey's script also ended up on the cutting room floor, except for several key ingredients, such as the ending in the windmill. As consolation for missing out on the prestigious assignment (which went to James Whale instead), Florey was given a lesser project, Murders in the Rue Morgue (1932), with Lugosi as Dr. Mirakle, a demented Darwinian scientist who crossbreeds humans with apes. The stylised, distorted buildings of Florey's Parisian sets were once again reminiscent of German expressionism, notably The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920). Florey, from then on, was set on a career of helming second features for Warner Brothers (1933-35), Paramount (1935-40), Columbia (1941), Warner Brothers again (1942-6) and United Artists (1948-50). As a result of his affinity with horror and science fiction, he did his best work in these genres. The Beast with Five Fingers (1946) has become something of a cult classic and is notable for some clever montage and animation effects, as well as an effectively eerie atmosphere . Unfortunately, the anti-climactic downbeat ending, the result of studio interference, rather lessened the picture's overall effect.

In 1951, Florey stopped making features and became prodigiously active as a director of television episodes. In 1953, he won the first Directors Guild of America Award bestowed for TV direction, for an episode of Four Star Playhouse (1952), entitled "The Lost Voyage". He also wrote some eight influential books on the history of cinema.
Filmography

Actor ( 5 credits )

The Life and Death of 9413, a Hollywood Extra (1928) Casting Director (uncredited)
Robin Hood (1922) Taxpaying Peasant (uncredited)
Parisette (1921)
L'orpheline (1921) Un apache
Saturnin ou le bon allumeur (1921) Un gazier

Producer ( 1 credit )

The Life and Death of 9413, a Hollywood Extra (1928) producer (uncredited)

Writer ( 14 credits )

Wagon Train (1957) (unknown episodes)
Adventures of Don Juan (1948)
Rogues' Regiment (1948) (story)
Bride of Frankenstein (1935)
A Study in Scarlet (1933)
The Man Called Back (1932) (uncredited)
Murders in the Rue Morgue (1932)
Frankenstein (1931) (screen play) &
Rendez-Vous (1930) (screenplay)
Love Songs (1930) (adaptation)
Skyscraper Symphony (1929) (uncredited)
The Life and Death of 9413, a Hollywood Extra (1928) (concept) &
The Love of Zero (1928) (story)
Johann the Coffinmaker (1927) (story)

Director ( 109 credits )

The Outer Limits (1963) (1 episode, 1964)
Going My Way (1962) (4 episodes, 1962-1963)
The Dick Powell Theatre (1961) (1 episode, 1962)
Alcoa Premiere (1961) (1 episode, 1962)
Thriller (1960) (1 episode, 1962)
Checkmate (1960) (1 episode, 1960)
The Barbara Stanwyck Show (1960) (3 episodes, 1960-1961)
Hong Kong (1960) (1 episode, 1961)
Michael Shayne (1960) (2 episodes, 1960)
Twilight Zone (1959) (3 episodes, 1959-1964)
The Untouchables (1959) (1 episode, 1960)
Adventures in Paradise (1959) (8 episodes, 1960-1962)
Black Saddle (1959) (1 episode, 1959)
Lock Up (1959) (1 episode, 1959)
Markham (1959) (9 episodes, 1959-1960)
The David Niven Show (1959) (1 episode, 1959)
The Texan (1958) (7 episodes, 1958-1960)
The Rough Riders (1958) (1 episode, 1959)
Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse (1958) (1 episode, 1959)
Wagon Train (1957) (2 episodes, 1957)
M Squad (1957) (1 episode, 1957)
Alcoa Theatre (1957) (12 episodes, 1958)
Goodyear Theatre (1957) (3 episodes, 1958)
Zane Grey Theater (1956) (6 episodes, 1956-1960)
Telephone Time (1956) (1 episode, 1956)
Wire Service (1956) (1 episode, 1956)
Ethel Barrymore Theater (1956) (1 episode, 1956)
Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955) (5 episodes, 1961-1962)
Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre (1955) (2 episodes, 1956-1957)
The Star and the Story (1955) (2 episodes, 1955)
Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color (1954) (2 episodes, 1954)
Studio 57 (1954) (1 episode, 1956)
The Loretta Young Show (1953) (36 episodes, 1953-1954)
Your Favorite Story (1953) (2 episodes, 1953)
Four Star Playhouse (1952) (35 episodes, 1952-1956)
Adventures of Captain Fabian (1951) (uncredited)
Schlitz Playhouse (1951) (21 episodes, 1952-1957)
Operation Wonderland (1951) (uncredited)
Johnny One-Eye (1950)
The Vicious Years (1950)
Charlie's Haunt (1950)
The Crooked Way (1949)
Outpost in Morocco (1949)
Rogues' Regiment (1948)
Tarzan and the Mermaids (1948)
The Beast with Five Fingers (1946)
San Antonio (1945) (uncredited)
Danger Signal (1945)
God Is My Co-Pilot (1945)
Man from Frisco (1944)
Roger Touhy, Gangster (1944)
The Desert Song (1943)
Lady Gangster (1942) (as Florian Roberts)
Dangerously They Live (1941)
Two in a Taxi (1941)
Meet Boston Blackie (1941)
The Face Behind the Mask (1941)
Women Without Names (1940)
Parole Fixer (1940)
Death of a Champion (1939)
The Magnificent Fraud (1939)
Hotel Imperial (1939)
Disbarred (1939)
King of Alcatraz (1938)
Dangerous to Know (1938)
Daughter of Shanghai (1937)
This Way Please (1937)
Mountain Music (1937)
King of Gamblers (1937)
Outcast (1937)
Hollywood Boulevard (1936)
Till We Meet Again (1936)
The Preview Murder Mystery (1936)
Ship Cafe (1935)
The Payoff (1935)
Don't Bet on Blondes (1935)
Going Highbrow (1935)
Go Into Your Dance (1935) (uncredited)
The Florentine Dagger (1935)
The Woman in Red (1935)
I Am a Thief (1934)
I Sell Anything (1934)
Smarty (1934)
Registered Nurse (1934)
Bedside (1934)
The House on 56th Street (1933)
Ex-Lady (1933)
Girl Missing (1933)
Those We Love (1932)
The Man Called Back (1932)
Murders in the Rue Morgue (1932)
50-50 (1932)
Black and White (1931) (co-director)
El amor solfeando (1930) (uncredited)
Love Songs (1930)
The Road Is Fine (1930)
Skyscraper Symphony (1929) (uncredited)
Battle of Paris (1929)
Night Club (1929)
The Cocoanuts (1929)
The Hole in the Wall (1929)
Pusher-in-the-Face (1929)
The Life and Death of 9413, a Hollywood Extra (1928)
The Love of Zero (1928)
Hello New York! (1928)
Johann the Coffinmaker (1927)
Face Value (1927)
The Romantic Age (1927)
One Hour of Love (1927)