Trivia - The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996)
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The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996)

Genres: Animation, Drama, Family

Director: Gary Trousdale, Kirk Wise

Writers: Geefwee Boedoe, Irene Mecchi, Bob Tzudiker, Noni White, ...

Stars: Jason Alexander, Tom Hulce, Mary Kay Bergman, Demi Moore, ...

In 15th century Paris, Clopin the puppeteer tells the story of Quasimodo, the misshapen but gentle-souled bell ringer of Notre Dame, who was nearly killed as a baby by Claude Frollo, the Minister of Justice. But Frollo was forced by the Archdeacon of Notre Dame to raise Quasimodo as his own. Now a young man, Quasimodo is hidden from the world by Frollo in the belltower of the cathedral. But during the Festival of Fools, Quasimodo, cheered on by his gargoyle friends Victor, Hugo, and Laverne, decides to take part in the festivities, where he meets the lovely gypsy girl Esmeralda and the handsome soldier Phoebus. The three of them find themselves ranged against Frollo's cruelty and his attempts to destroy the home of the gypsies, the Court of Miracles. And Quasimodo must desperately defend both Esmeralda and the very cathedral of Notre Dame.
The old heretic is Jafar in his old man disguise from Aladdin (1992).
Quasimodo's mother dies after being pushed to the ground and hitting her head. In the novel, this is how Esmeralda's mother dies.
The song "Hellfire" is considered one of the darkest songs written for a Disney film. It was nearly cut from the film.
The film, due to its dark and sexual themes, nearly became the first animated Disney film to receive a PG rating from the MPAA in the US since The Black Cauldron (1985).
According to the commentary of the DVD onto when Kevin Kline' did the voice of Phoebus, the directors gave Kevin a sword so that he'd portray the role. They also named the horse Achilles because it was funny to hear him say "Achilles, heel."
For the scene where Judge Frollo sings "Hellfire" and sees Esmeralda dancing in the fire before him, the MPAA insisted that the Disney animators make Esmeralda's clothing more well-defined, as she seemed nude.
Patrick Stewart, Ian McKellen, and Derek Jacobi were considered for the role of Frollo.
Directors Kirk Wise and Gary Trousdale cast actor 'Tony Jay' as Frollo because they loved his voice when they worked with him on Beauty and the Beast (1991), where he voiced Monsieur D'Arque.
Blue and red were used to symbolize good and evil, respectively. Quasimodo's and Esmerelda's disguising cloaks are blue while the firelight Frollo is near as he plots evilly to himself reflects off his face as red.
Jane Withers, who was hired to complete the role of Laverne following the death of Mary Wickes, had to match Wickes' voice and performance so that audiences wouldn't detect the difference. Withers reprised the role in the sequel, The Hunchback of Notre Da
Directors Wise, Trousdale, and Hahn have noted that the three gargoyles might exist only in Quasimodo's imagination and thus may well be split-off pieces of his own identity. However, most of their characteristics, including Hugo's infatuation with the go
Quasi's monologue, which begins with "What? What am I supposed to do?" and ends with "And I'm tired of trying to be something I'm not." was recorded in one take.
The Latin chants heard throughout the movie are adapted from actual Gregorian chants, including the Dies Irae. A portion of the Dies Irae music can be heard in the scene where Frollo kills Quasimodo's mother.
According to the audio commentary on the DVD, Frollo's horse's name is Snowball.
The opening scene, in which Clopin sings "The Bells of Notre Dame," was originally all spoken dialogue. After two revisions, it was decided that it was too dry and boring, and so was turned into a musical number.
At one point, the three gargoyles were going to be all male and named Chaney, Laughton, and Quinn - the three actors who have played Quasimodo in other adaptations of the story.
Eric Idle was considered for the role of Clopin.
The last Disney animated film to use harsh language (hell, damn, hellfire).
This film was the final screen credit for veteran actress Mary Wickes, who died before finishing all her lines. A vocal "stand-in" (Jane Withers) recorded her remaining lines.
To stay consistent to the architecture and details of Notre Dame, animators spent several weeks in and around the actual cathedral. They were given office space at the recently-opened Disneyland Paris in the interim.
Two of the gargoyles are named Victor and Hugo after Victor Hugo. The third gargoyle, Laverne, is named after Laverne Andrews, one of The Andrews Sisters.
This is the 34th full-length animated film from Walt Disney.
Bette Midler sang another version of 'God Help the Outcasts' for the soundtrack release. Various words are changed in this (such as instead of 'gypsy' the word 'humble' is used), in addition to these changes the parts sung by the people in the church are
During the song "A Guy Like You", the gargoyles put a wig on Quasimodo, similar to wigs that actor Tom Hulce wears in Amadeus (1984).
GOOFY HOLLER: as the soldiers fall after Quasimodo pulls the rope they were climbing.
After the film's initial release a limited edition printing of Victor Hugo's novel was also released. It contained original artwork and an introduction by producer Don Hahn.
The multiplane effect was also used in several scenes. When Quasimodo sings "Out There", the camera pans over Paris and seems to look three-dimensional. Additionally, the camera pans through the Parisian buildings and we see the Palace of Justice. However
The film had its premiere on June 19, 1996, at the Superdome in New Orleans, utilizing six enormous screens, and was preceded by a parade through the French Quarter. The song "Someday" was sung over the credits by the group All-4-One, but the European ver
This was Michael Eisner's (former Disney CEO) favorite film.
Gary Trousdale, Kirk Wise:  [no opening credits]  There are no opening titles.
Along with "Worthless" in The Brave Little Toaster (1987), the song "Hellfire" is considered one of the darkest songs written for a Disney film. It was nearly cut from the film.
According to the commentary of the DVD onto when Kevin Kline did the voice of Phoebus, the directors gave Kline a sword so that he'd portray the role. They also named the horse Achilles because it was funny to hear him say "Achilles, heel."
The opening scene, in which Clopin sings "The Bells of Notre Dame", was originally all spoken dialogue. After two revisions, it was decided that it was too dry and boring, and so was turned into a musical number.
At one point, the three gargoyles were going to be all male and named Chaney, Laughton, and Quinn - the three actors who have played Quasimodo in other adaptations of the story (Lon Chaney, Charles Laughton, Anthony Quinn).
The Latin chants heard throughout the movie are adapted from actual Gregorian chants, including the Dies Irae. A portion of the Dies Irae music can be heard in the scene where Frollo kills Quasimodo's mother. It was part of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts famous
Directors Kirk Wise and Gary Trousdale cast actor Tony Jay as Frollo because they loved his voice when they worked with him on Beauty and the Beast (1991), where he voiced Monsieur D'Arque.
Two of the gargoyles are named Victor and Hugo after Victor Hugo, the author of the novel "The Hunchback of Notre Dame." The third, Laverne, is named after Laverne Andrews, one of The Andrews Sisters.
The multiplane effect was used in several scenes. When Quasimodo sings "Out There", the camera pans over Paris and seems to look three-dimensional. Additionally, the camera pans through the Parisian buildings and we see the Palace of Justice.
Studio trademark: Habitually barefoot character(s): Esmeralda is barefoot for the entire movie.
This is the only Disney animated film that does not feature any trees.
One of two movies released in 1996 in which Demi Moore plays an exotic dancer who catches the eye of, and ultimately brings down, a man in a position of power. The other film is Striptease (1996).
Gary Trousdale:  voiced The Old Heretic.
Directors Kirk Wise and Gary Trousdale cast Tony Jay as Frollo because they loved his voice when they worked with him on Beauty and the Beast (1991), where he voiced Monsieur D'Arque.
When supervising animator Michael Surrey (Clopin) heard the song "Court of Miracles" he noted that a portion of it was similar to "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" music used in Fantasia (1940). After this he animated Clopin lifting up his robe to skip towards
The last Disney animated film to use very mild bad language (hell, damn).
This is the Disney animated film featuring the fewest number of trees.
Mandy Patinkin was considered to voice Quasimodo.
Laverne's name was at first considered to Marie, after Victor Hugo's middle name.
Gary Trousdale: voiced The Old Heretic.
Gary Trousdale, Kirk Wise: [no opening credits] There are no opening titles.
While Quasimodo is singing 'Out There', the camera pans over Paris and zooms in on a street. In this scene, Belle from Beauty and the Beast (1991) is seen walking and reading her book (walks out the bottom of the screen, to the right of the well), Pumbaa
In the novel, Frollo is actually the Archdeacon. The filmmakers decided to change the character to a judge because they felt it would make him more sinister to have control over the city and therefore would not be questioned in his attempts to destroy the
According to the audio commentary on the DVD, the gargoyle that resembles a warthog (which can be seen during the climactic battle atop Notre Dame Cathedral) is actually not Pumbaa from The Lion King (1994) but the actual gargoyle that can be seen in that
The Latin chants heard throughout the movie are adapted from actual Gregorian chants, including a portion of the Dies Irae music can be heard in the scene where Frollo kills Quasimodo's mother. It was part of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts famous last compositi
When supervising animator Michael Surrey (Clopin) heard the song "Court of Miracles" he noted that a portion of it was similar to "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" music used in Fantasia (1940). After this, he animated Clopin lifting up his robe to skip towards
Directors Kirk Wise, Gary Trousdale, and Don Hahn have noted that the three gargoyles might exist only in Quasimodo's imagination and thus may well be split-off pieces of his own identity. However, most of their characteristics, including Hugo's infatuati
This film was the final screen credit for veteran actress Mary Wickes, who died before finishing all her lines. A vocal "stand-in" (Jane Withers) recorded her remaining lines. Withers had to match Wickes' voice and performance so that audiences wouldn't d
This movie is full of computer animation and CGI backgrounds. All the bells appearing throughout the movie are 3D-rendered. When Quasimodo sings "Out There" and slides down the flying buttress, it appears 3D. During "Topsy Turvy", the confetti and the cro
Bette Midler sang another version of 'God Help the Outcasts' for the soundtrack release. Various words are changed in this (such as instead of 'gypsy' the word 'humble' is used), in addition to these changes, the parts sung by the people in the church are
Early on in the movie during "Out There", there is an overhead shot of Notre Dame and the courtyard from a bird's-eye view. During this shot, look closely at one of the buildings in the bottom left corner of the screen - one building has a satellite dish
At the end of the film as the camera zooms out from Notre Dame cathedral, the pigeons all gather on Laverne again. She shoos them off and asks them if they ever migrate. The fact is, rock doves (the most common breed of pigeon seen in urban areas) do NOT
The film had its premiere on June 19, 1996 at the Superdome in New Orleans, utilizing six enormous screens, and was preceded by a parade through the French Quarter. The song "Someday" was sung over the credits by the group All-4-One, but the European vers
Supervising animator Andreas Deja really wanted to animate Esmeralda from the beginning of the film's conception, which would've been a stark departure for him - he is best known for animating villains like Gaston in Beauty and the Beast (1991), Jafar in
Several times during the film there are references to a war. The conflict in question was the Hundred Years' War between England and France, that engulfed all Europe from 1337 to 1453 and also involved Portugal, Scotland, Genoa, Navarra, Aragon, Bohemia,
The filmmakers considered having Quasimodo killed off, as he has in the original novel. He was originally supposed to be stabbed by Frollo, then Esmeralda regains consciousness and tries to save him by killing Frollo. Phoebus was then supposed to meet up
The song "Hellfire" is considered one of the darkest songs written for a Disney film, and was nearly cut from the film.
While Quasimodo is singing 'Out There', the camera pans over Paris and zooms in on a street. In this scene, Belle from Beauty and the Beast (1991) is seen walking and reading her book (walks out the bottom of the screen, to the right of the well), Pumbaa from The Lion King (1994) is being carried on a pole by two men (carried out of the bottom of the screen, but left of the well), and another man (in a gray-blue tunic) is shaking out the Carpet from Aladdin (1992).
In the novel, Frollo is actually the Archdeacon. The filmmakers decided to change the character to a judge because they felt it would make him more sinister to have control over the city and therefore would not be questioned in his attempts to destroy the Gypsies.
The Latin chants heard throughout the movie are adapted from actual Gregorian chants, including a portion of the Dies Irae music can be heard in the scene where Frollo kills Quasimodo's mother. It was part of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts famous last compositions, Requiem in D Minor. Tom Hulce (Quasimodo) played Mozart in the movie Amadeus (1984).
According to the audio commentary on the DVD, the gargoyle that resembles a warthog (which can be seen during the climactic battle atop Notre Dame Cathedral) is actually not Pumbaa from The Lion King (1994) but the actual gargoyle that can be seen in that location on the real Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
This film was the final screen credit for veteran actress Mary Wickes, who died before finishing all her lines. A vocal "stand-in" (Jane Withers) recorded her remaining lines. Withers had to match Wickes' voice and performance so that audiences wouldn't detect the difference. She reprised the role in the sequel, The Hunchback of Notre Dame II (2002).
Directors Kirk Wise, Gary Trousdale, and Don Hahn have noted that the three gargoyles might exist only in Quasimodo's imagination and thus may well be split-off pieces of his own identity. However, most of their characteristics, including Hugo's infatuation with the goat Djali, seem unique to their manifestations when present (and there is of course the question of how the gargoyles can be moving around and even helping defend the cathedral if they are not really alive).
When supervising animator Michael Surrey (Clopin) heard the song "Court of Miracles" he noted that a portion of it was similar to "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" music used in Fantasia (1940). After this, he animated Clopin lifting up his robe to skip towards the lever after Mickey Mouse's movements.
Bette Midler sang another version of 'God Help the Outcasts' for the soundtrack release. Various words are changed in this (such as instead of 'gypsy' the word 'humble' is used), in addition to these changes, the parts sung by the people in the church are not in this version and the song is also much longer.
Early on in the movie during "Out There", there is an overhead shot of Notre Dame and the courtyard from a bird's-eye view. During this shot, look closely at one of the buildings in the bottom left corner of the screen - one building has a satellite dish on it.
This movie is full of computer animation and CGI backgrounds. All the bells appearing throughout the movie are 3D-rendered. When Quasimodo sings "Out There" and slides down the flying buttress, it appears 3D. During "Topsy Turvy", the confetti and the crowd of hundred people are digital images. While Esmeralda sings "God Help the Outcasts", the reflection of the rose window is computer-rendered. During "Hellfire", the background flames are one example of CGI. When we see the miller's home getting burned, the flames that big and appearing too fast were hard to animate traditionally, so probably the animators used computer generated images for this. When Quasimodo rappels down from Notre Dame to save Esmeralda, we can see hand-drawn animation combined with 3D scenes.
At the end of the film as the camera zooms out from Notre Dame cathedral, the pigeons all gather on Laverne again. She shoos them off and asks them if they ever migrate. The fact is, rock doves (the most common breed of pigeon seen in urban areas) do NOT migrate, at least not in the same sense other birds migrate. They may move from one part of a city to another, but for the most part they stay in the same area.
The film had its premiere on June 19, 1996 at the Superdome in New Orleans, utilizing six enormous screens, and was preceded by a parade through the French Quarter. The song "Someday" was sung over the credits by the group All-4-One, but the European version replaced them with the British band Eternal.
Supervising animator Andreas Deja really wanted to animate Esmeralda from the beginning of the film's conception, which would've been a stark departure for him - he is best known for animating villains like Gaston in Beauty and the Beast (1991), Jafar in Aladdin (1992), and Scar in The Lion King (1994). When that position went to Tony Fucile, Deja went on to supervise the animation of the titular character in Walt Disney Pictures' next animated film, Hercules (1997).
Several times during the film there are references to a war. The conflict in question was the Hundred Years' War between England and France, that engulfed all Europe from 1337 to 1453 and also involved Portugal, Scotland, Genoa, Navarra, Aragon, Bohemia, Brittany, Castille, Aquitaine, and Burgundy. Ultimately, it was won by France and the reigning House of Valois.
Kevin Kline plays the handsome love interest in this film, rivaling the hunchbacked Quasimodo for Esmerelda. In "Cyrano de Bergerac" (2008), he plays a man embarrassed by his huge nose and ugly face - so embarrassed, he is afraid to express his feelings to the woman he loves, and instead helps his handsome rival in wooing her.
Mandy Patinkin was originally cast as Quasimodo, but dropped out due to clashes with the producers regarding the character, he would later went on to play Quasimodo in the TV movie, The Hunchback the following year.
The filmmakers briefly considered having Quasimodo killed off, since that is his fate in the original novel. He was originally supposed to be stabbed by Frollo, then Esmeralda regains consciousness and tries to save him by killing Frollo. Phoebus was then supposed to meet up with them, and Quasimodo's last wish was to ring the bells one last time. They take him to the bells, then Esmeralda and Phoebus help him ring the bells as he dies. The final shot was going to include Esmeralda and Phoebus crying over their best friend as the people of Paris cheer for their success, unaware of Quasimodo's death. Luckily; this is not the ending that was used, because even hardcore fans of the novel agree that the ending they used instead was a more suitable conclusion for the theme of this film.
This was former Disney CEO Michael Eisner's favorite of the studio's films.
The original setting of "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" is January 4, 1482, the day of the Feast of Fools (traditionally held around the 1st), which was a popular festival during the Middle Ages (specifically in France). The festival consisted of electing a false bishop or pope. The idea was that the low and high officials traded places.
The film takes place in 1482 and 1502.
Tony Jay who plays Frollo played Monseurer D'Arque in the original Disney version of Beauty and the Beast. Kevin Kline who plays Phobes stars as Maurice in the 2017 live action remake.
In The Hunch Back of Notre Dame by Victor Hugo, Quasimodo's mother (who is a gypsy) steals Esmeralda from her cradle, and leaves Quasimodo behind in her place (ideally because she is pretty and he is deformed). She leaves behind one red baby slipper, which Esmerald's mother uses to attempt to find her. Esmeralda is given the other slipper, and is told that if she stays virtuous that she will find her birth mother again. Quasimodo on the other hand is left at Notre Dame by Esmeralda's birth mother (due to his appearance) to be adopted. He is completely unwanted by the people of the town and is taken in by Claude Frollo, who keeps him in the ball tower. This plot point is vastly different from the Disney version, where Quasimodo's mother is a virtuous woman who dies on the steps of Notre Dame in an attempt to save her baby.