Trivia - Once Upon a Time in the West (1968)
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Once Upon a Time in the West (1968)

Genres: Western

Taglines: There were three men in her life. One to take her... one to love her... and one to kill her.

Director: Sergio Leone

Writers: Sergio Donati, Dario Argento, Bernardo Bertolucci, Sergio Leone, ...

Stars: Claudia Cardinale, Henry Fonda, Jason Robards, Charles Bronson, ...

Story of a young woman, Mrs. McBain, who moves from New Orleans to frontier Utah, on the very edge of the American West. She arrives to find her new husband and family slaughtered, but by whom? The prime suspect, coffee-lover Cheyenne, befriends her and offers to go after the real killer, assassin gang leader Frank, in her honor. He is accompanied by Harmonica, a man already on a quest to get even.
The final duel between Frank and Harmonica is shot almost exactly like the one in Robert Aldrich's The Last Sunset (1961) between Rock Hudson and Kirk Douglas, a film that Bernardo Bertolucci was a huge fan of.
Over half of the film's budget went to paying the actors' salaries.
The first draft of the script was 436 pages long.
Ennio Morricone composed the musical score to the original screenplay by Sergio Leone and Bernardo Bertolucci. The plot was subsequently changed, and in many places, Leone directed the film to the existing musical score.
Sergio Leone originally offered the role of Harmonica to Clint Eastwood, but he turned it down, so Leone hired Charles Bronson instead. James Coburn was also approached for the role Harmonica, but Coburn demanded too much money.
The Indian woman who flees from the train station in the opening sequence was actually played by a Hawaiian princess, Luukialuana (Luana) Kalaeloa (aka Luana Strode). She was the wife of actor Woody Strode.
Harmonica's unfortunate brother is played by the production manager Claudio Mancini.
Body count: 29
For this film Claudia Cardinale and Paolo Stoppa take the longest buggy ride in movie history. It begins in Spain and goes through Monument Valley.
The McBain house was built of solid logs that remained following production of the Orson Welles' movie Falstaff - Chimes at Midnight (1965)
John Landis was one of the stunt men on this film.
The credits, concluding with Director Sergio Leone, last over ten minutes into the start of the film.
Although Lionel Stander's establishment is located in Monument Valley, the interiors were actually shot at Cinecitta. Cheyenne's men enter with a cloud of red dust. The red dust was actually dust imported from the Monument Valley location.
The character name of "Brett McBain" was derived from two famous U.S. mystery writers, Brett Halliday and Ed McBain (Evan Hunter).
"The producers are grateful to the Navajo Tribal Council for their hospitality in their territories in Arizona and Utah."
The Flagstone set reportedly cost as much as the entire budget for Leone's A Fistful of Dollars (1964).
French actor Robert Hossein, who was a good friend of Leone's, was originally to play Morton, but due to scheduling he was unable to take the part, and Gabriele Ferzetti was cast instead.
Robert Ryan was offered the role of the Sheriff played by Keenan Wynn. Ryan initially accepted but backed out after being given a larger role in Sam Peckinpah's The Wild Bunch (1969).
The sheriff was originally to be portrayed by Robert Ryan.
Sergio Leone:  [close-up]  in most gun-fight scenes.
Sergio Leone:  [Music]  by Ennio Morricone.
Sergio Leone:  [theme]  Jill, Harmonica, Frank, and Cheyenne.
The McBain house was built of solid logs that remained following production of the Orson Welles' movie Chimes at Midnight (1965)
If you look carefully at Claudio Mancini's lip movements during the flashback in the final duel, Harmonica's brother calls Frank a 'son of a bitch'.
When Cheyenne meets Harmonica, early in the story, he reveals Harmonica's gunshot wound (at the time). At the end of the movie, when Harmonica last sees Cheyenne alive, he reveals Cheyenne's gunshot wound.
Harmonica is intended to be a Native American.
Henry Fonda prepared for his role as the villain "Frank" by arriving in Italy with a pair of brown colored contact lenses and a grown mustache. When Sergio Leone saw them, he ordered them removed. Leone had planned an important close-up shot of Frank's en
After completing the Dollars trilogy (A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966)), Sergio Leone didn't want to do another western and began working on Once Upon a Time in America (1984). However,
When Henry Fonda was trying to decide whether to be in this film, he asked his friend Eli Wallach, who had just made Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo. (1966) with Sergio Leone, if he should take the part of Frank. Wallach said that he had to do it and told
The main selling point to producers for the use of the Techniscope process was the savings in camera negative. But, another advantage was being able derive the 2.35:1 aspect ratio while shooting with spherical lenses which avoided the distortion created b
This marked the first of the last three films to be fully directed by Sergio Leone. All three of his last films would be edited for U.S. distribution resulting in box office failure in the U.S. although the uncut international versions would be successful
The original script called for Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef and Eli Wallach (in their roles from The Man With No Name trilogy) to be the trio gunned down at the train station. Eastwood, whose star was rising in Hollywood, did not want to be seen as a vil
Jason Robards showed up at the set completely drunk on the first day of filming, and Leone threatened to fire him if he ever did that again. Robards was generally well-behaved thereafter, though in June 1968, after receiving word of the assassination of R
The original intent for the opening scene was to use music already composed by composer Ennio Morricone. However, the attempted blend didn't seem to fit well. The decision was made to drop Morricone's score from the opening train station sequence and reco
The film was dubbed into several languages following its completion, including Italian, English, Spanish, French and German. For the English version, Henry Fonda, Charles Bronson, Jason Robards, Jack Elam, Frank Wolff, Keenan Wynn and Lionel Stander dubbe
Leone originally intended to reunite the three stars of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) (Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef and Eli Wallach) in cameo roles as the three gunmen waiting for Harmonica at the start of the film, but when Eastwood was unavaila
Over half of the film's budget was spent on the actors' salaries.
Sergio Leone originally offered the role of Harmonica to Clint Eastwood, but he turned it down, so Leone hired Charles Bronson instead. James Coburn was also approached for the role of Harmonica, but demanded too much money.
The casting of Charles Bronson as Harmonica is intended to signify him as a Native American.
Harmonica's unfortunate brother is played by the film's production manager, Claudio Mancini.
Kirk Douglas, an admirer of Sergio Leone, lobbied for the role of Cheyenne.
Carlo Ponti wanted to produce the film and have his wife Sophia Loren play Jill.
French actor Robert Hossein, who was a good friend of Sergio Leone, was originally to play Morton, but due to scheduling conflicts he was unable to take the part and Gabriele Ferzetti was cast instead.
Cheyenne's real name is Manuel Gutierrez, according to the script. Sergio Leone didn't feel that Jason Robards made a convincing Mexican, so he dropped this.
There is a deleted scene where Harmonica, following the opening shootout, is beaten up by the sheriff and his deputies. This is why there is a scar on his face.
In a deleted scene, Frank gets a shave at a perfume shop. Henry Fonda sits in the same position he did in My Darling Clementine (1946).
Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
Warren Beatty, Jean-Paul Belmondo and Terence Stamp were considered for Harmonica.
DIRECTOR_TRADEMARK(Sergio Leone): [theme]: Jill, Harmonica/Frank, Cheyenne, and Morton.
"Premiere" Magazine voted this as one of "The 25 Most Dangerous Movies".
Sergio Leone: [close-up] in most gunfight scenes.
Sergio Leone: [Music] by Ennio Morricone.
Body count: 29.
When Cheyenne meets Harmonica early in the story, he reveals Harmonica's gunshot wound (at the time). At the end of the movie, when Harmonica last sees Cheyenne alive, he reveals Cheyenne's gunshot wound.
The scene where Frank and his henchmen in dusters kill the McBain family is meant to signify the weakness of innocence against the brutality of the power of progress.
Henry Fonda originally turned down a role in the picture. Director Sergio Leone flew to the United States and met with Fonda, who asked why he was wanted for the movie. Sergio replied, "Picture this: the camera shows a gunman from the waist down pulling h
Henry Fonda prepared for his role as the villain "Frank" by arriving in Italy with a pair of brown colored contact lenses and a mustache. When Sergio Leone saw them, he ordered them removed. Leone had planned an important close-up shot of Frank's entrance
Al Mulock, who played one of the three gunmen in the opening sequence, committed suicide by jumping from his hotel window in full costume after a day's shooting. Production manager Claudio Mancini and screenwriter Mickey Knox, who were sitting in a room i
The main selling point to producers for the use of the Techniscope process was the savings in camera negative; but, another advantage was being able to derive the 2.35:1 aspect ratio while shooting with spherical lenses which avoided the distortion create
When Henry Fonda was trying to decide whether to be in this film, he asked his friend Eli Wallach, who had just made The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) with Sergio Leone, if he should take the part of Frank. Wallach said that he had to do it and told F
For the opening sequence where the three dusters waited for the train, filmmakers lightly coated the face of Jack Elam with jam and began filming close-ups while letting a fly out of a jar filled with flies, attempting to get Elam's reaction as one would
After completing the Dollars trilogy (A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966)), Sergio Leone didn't want to do another western and began working on Once Upon a Time in America (1984); however,
This marked the first of the last three films to be fully directed by Sergio Leone. All three of his last films would be edited for US distribution, resulting in box-office failure in the US (although the uncut international versions would be successful i
Jason Robards showed up at the set completely drunk on the first day of filming, and Sergio Leone threatened to fire him if he ever did that again. Robards was generally well-behaved thereafter, though in June 1968, after receiving word of the assassinati
The original intent for the opening scene was to use music already composed by composer Ennio Morricone; however, the attempted blend didn't seem to fit well. The decision was made to drop Morricone's score from the opening train station sequence and reco
Co-writer Bernardo Bertolucci says on the film's DVD that when he first suggested to director Sergio Leone that the film's central character be a woman, Leone was hesitant. Leone first budged on this subject by suggesting the introductory shot of Jill wou
Sergio Leone made hundreds of references to films that influenced him. Some were quite obvious (like three men waiting for the train as in High Noon (1952)) and some were very subtle, like the choice of Woody Strode's sawed-off Winchester rifle, similar t
In the opening scene, when Stony (Woody Strode) is under the water tank, water kept dripping onto the brim of his hat, causing him to flinch and Sergio Leone to stop filming. Leone was going to move Strode but, at the actor's suggestion, kept him in the s
Sergio Leone originally intended to reunite the three stars of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) (Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef and Eli Wallach) in cameo roles as the three gunmen waiting for Harmonica at the start of the film, but when Eastwood was u
The film was dubbed into several languages following its completion, including Italian, English, Spanish, French and German. For the Italian track, Gabriele Ferzetti and Paolo Stoppa dubbed their own dialogue, while Claudia Cardinale was dubbed by her reg
According to most people involved, the Cheyenne character had not been in Bernardo Bertolucci's original writings, and was only introduced by Sergio Donati, who had written the part with Eli Wallach in mind. Sergio Leone thought audiences would identify W
Henry Fonda originally turned down the role of Frank. Director Sergio Leone flew to the United States and met with Fonda, who asked why he was wanted for the film. Sergio replied, "Picture this: the camera shows a gunman from the waist down pulling his gun and shooting a running child. The camera pans up to the gunman's face and...it's Henry Fonda" (until then - with one exception - Fonda had only been cast in "good guy" roles. Leone wanted the audience to be shocked).
Henry Fonda prepared for his role as the villain "Frank" by arriving in Italy with a pair of brown colored contact lenses and a mustache. When Sergio Leone saw them, he ordered them removed. Leone had planned an important close-up shot of Frank's entrance and wanted the audience to instantly recognize Fonda with those blue eyes.
Al Mulock, who played one of the three gunmen in the opening sequence, committed suicide by jumping from his hotel window in full costume after a day's shooting. Production manager Claudio Mancini and screenwriter Mickey Knox, who were sitting in a room in the hotel, witnessed Mulock's body pass by their window. Knox recalled in an interview that while Mancini put Mulock in his car to drive him to the hospital, director Sergio Leone said to Mancini, "Get the costume! We need the costume!" Mulock, who had appeared as the one-armed bounty hunter in Leone's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966), was wearing the costume he wore in the movie when he made his fatal leap.
The main selling point to producers for the use of the Techniscope process was the savings in camera negative; but, another advantage was being able to derive the 2.35:1 aspect ratio while shooting with spherical lenses which avoided the distortion created by anamorphics during certain camera moves and extreme close-ups (such as those used by Sergio Leone). This film, together with The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) (also directed by Leone and shot by Tonino Delli Colli) are now considered masterpieces in the use of the Techniscope system.
When Henry Fonda was trying to decide whether to be in this film, he asked his friend Eli Wallach, who had just made The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) with Sergio Leone, if he should take the part of Frank. Wallach said that he had to do it and told Fonda, "You will have the time of your life." (Similarly, it was Fonda, saying he considered Leone one of the greatest directors he ever worked with, who persuaded James Coburn to take the part of Mallory in the second "Once Upon a Time..." film, Duck, You Sucker (1971).)
For the opening sequence where the three dusters waited for the train, filmmakers lightly coated the face of Jack Elam with jam and began filming close-ups while letting a fly out of a jar filled with flies, attempting to get Elam's reaction as one would land on his cheek.
This marked the first of the last three films to be fully directed by Sergio Leone. All three of his last films would be edited for US distribution, resulting in box-office failure in the US (although the uncut international versions would be successful in other countries).
The original intent for the opening scene was to use music already composed by composer Ennio Morricone; however, the attempted blend didn't seem to fit well. The decision was made to drop Morricone's score from the opening train station sequence and record the ambient sounds relating to the scenes (including the squeaking windmill and individual footsteps) after Morricone experienced a musical performance created by using only the sounds of a metal ladder. This created an exaggerated version of what had come to be known as "spaghetti sound."
After completing the Dollars trilogy (A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966)), Sergio Leone didn't want to do another western and began working on Once Upon a Time in America (1984); however, after the huge success of the Dollars Trilogy in the States in 1967, Leone wanted to produce films in the US and he began selling the idea for "Once Upon a Time in America", but studios wouldn't let him do it until he made another western for them. Eventually Leone decided to create another trilogy which begins with Once Upon a Time in the West (1968), develops into Duck, You Sucker (1971) and ends with Once Upon a Time in America. The ''Once Upon a Time'' trilogy, as it is often referred to, is effectively about "three historical periods which toughened America".
Sergio Leone originally offered the role of Harmonica to Clint Eastwood, but he turned it down, as he was no longer interested in working for Leone. James Coburn was also approached for the role of Harmonica, but demanded too much money. The role went to Charles Bronson, who had previously turned down roles in the Dollars Trilogy (Eastwood's in A Fistful of Dollars (1964) and Lee Van Cleef's in For a Few Dollars More (1965) and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966)).
Jason Robards showed up at the set completely drunk on the first day of filming, and Sergio Leone threatened to fire him if he ever did that again. Robards was generally well-behaved thereafter, though in June 1968, after receiving word of the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy, he broke down and refused to perform until the day was over, and Leone decided to stop filming for the day.
Co-writer Bernardo Bertolucci says on the film's DVD that when he first suggested to director Sergio Leone that the film's central character be a woman, Leone was hesitant. Leone first budged on this subject by suggesting the introductory shot of Jill would be from below the train platform so the camera could see under Jill's dress and show she wasn't wearing any undergarments. Claudia Cardinale says she was never told this idea and says she probably wouldn't have agreed to be in the movie if it required this shot (suggesting that Leone, mercifully, gave up on the idea in the writing process).
Sergio Leone made hundreds of references to films that influenced him. Some were quite obvious (like three men waiting for the train as in High Noon (1952)) and some were very subtle, like the choice of Woody Strode's sawed-off Winchester rifle, similar to the weapon Steve McQueen carried in the TV series Wanted: Dead or Alive (1958). McQueen referred to this unique weapon as a "Mare's Leg".
In the opening scene, when Stony (Woody Strode) is under the water tank, water kept dripping onto the brim of his hat, causing him to flinch and Sergio Leone to stop filming. Leone was going to move Strode but, at the actor's suggestion, kept him in the same spot. Strode wanted his character to be viewed as so cool as to not let dripping water affect him. On the spur of the moment, Leone had Strode take off his hat and drink the collected water.
Sergio Leone originally intended to reunite the three stars of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) (Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef and Eli Wallach) in cameo roles as the three gunmen waiting for Harmonica at the start of the film, but when Eastwood was unavailable the idea was scrapped.
The film was dubbed into several languages following its completion, including Italian, English, Spanish, French and German. For the Italian track, Gabriele Ferzetti and Paolo Stoppa dubbed their own dialogue, while Claudia Cardinale was dubbed by her regular Italian voice-over artist, Rita Savagnone. For the English version, Henry Fonda, Charles Bronson, Jason Robards, Jack Elam, Frank Wolff, Keenan Wynn and Lionel Stander dubbed themselves. While none of the voice actors who re-voiced the other characters in the English version received a screen credit, it is known that actor Bernie Grant and his wife, Joyce Gordon, dubbed the voices of Ferzetti and Cardinale respectively.
According to most people involved, the Cheyenne character had not been in Bernardo Bertolucci's original writings, and was only introduced by Sergio Donati, who had written the part with Eli Wallach in mind. Sergio Leone thought audiences would identify Wallach too much with his role from The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966).
Enrico Maria Salerno was considered for Mr. Morton.
The McBain farmhouse location in Almeria turns up in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989).
Following the huge success of the " Dollars " trilogy, United Artists were prepared to finance Sergio Leone's ambitious epic but only if it featured top box office names. They put forward Charlton Heston, Gregory Peck and Kirk Douglas but Leone balked at the proposed casting, and moved over to Paramount instead.
Sergio Leone liked to tell the story of a cinema in Paris where the film ran uninterrupted for two years. When he visited this theatre, he was surrounded by fans who wanted his autograph, as well as the projectionist, who was less than enthusiastic. Leone claimed the projectionist told him "I kill you! The same movie over and over again for two years! And it's so SLOW!"
John Carpenter, a huge fan of Sergio Leone and this film, had "Jill's Theme" by Ennio Morricone played as he walked down the aisle at his wedding with Adrienne Barbeau.
Sergio Leone originally wanted Sophia Loren to play Jill McBain, and Carlo Ponti, her husband, was willing to provide a considerable amount of financial backing if she was in the film. However, Leone decided not to cast her because he feared that she would try to gain too much dominance and influence on how the film was made, given her famously headstrong and temperamental personality. He instead cast Claudia Cardinale, a personal friend of his, who he convinced to play Jill without showing her the script.
This was the first feature to involve Sergio Leone's newly formed company, Rafran, which was named after his two daughters, Raffaella and Francesca. The two young girls appear, uncredited, at the Flagstone station.
Sergio Leone: [theme] Jill, Harmonica/Frank, Cheyenne, and Morton.
This marked the first of the last three films to be fully directed by Sergio Leone. All three of his last films would be edited for U.S. distribution, resulting in box-office failure in the U.S. (although the uncut international versions would be successful in other countries).
The final duel between Frank and Harmonica is shot almost exactly like the one in Robert Aldrich's The Last Sunset (1961) between Rock Hudson and Kirk Douglas, a film, of which, Bernardo Bertolucci was a huge fan.
The McBain house was built of solid logs that remained following production of the Orson Welles' movie Chimes at Midnight (1965).
Sergio Leone originally wanted Sophia Loren to play Jill McBain, and Carlo Ponti, her husband, was willing to provide a considerable amount of financial backing if she was in the film. However, Leone decided not to cast her because he feared that she would try to gain too much dominance and influence on how the film was made, given her famously headstrong and temperamental personality. He instead cast Claudia Cardinale, a personal friend of his, whom he convinced to play Jill without showing her the script.
Afraid of being typecast having made 3 spaghetti Westerns in a row with Sergio Leone, Clint Eastwood declined the opportunity to appear in the film. This led to a breakdown in Eastwood and Leone's relationship which was only resolved in 1988 when Eastwood was in Rome promoting Bird (1988) and got a call from his former director. They met for dinner. A few months later, Leone died from a heart attack.
The film was dubbed into several languages following its completion, including Italian, English, Spanish, French and German. For the Italian track, Gabriele Ferzetti and Paolo Stoppa dubbed their own dialogue, while Claudia Cardinale was dubbed by her regular Italian voice-over artist, Rita Savagnone. For the English version, Henry Fonda, Charles Bronson, Jason Robards, Frank Wolff, Keenan Wynn and Lionel Stander dubbed themselves. While none of the voice actors who re-voiced the other characters in the English version received a screen credit, it is known that actor Bernie Grant and his wife, Joyce Gordon, dubbed the voices of Ferzetti and Cardinale respectively.
Henry Fonda originally turned down the role of Frank. Director Sergio Leone flew to the United States and met with Fonda, who asked why he was wanted for the film. Leone replied, "Picture this: the camera shows a gunman from the waist down pulling his gun and shooting a running child. The camera pans up to the gunman's face and...it's Henry Fonda" (until then - with one exception - Fonda had only been cast in "good guy" roles. Leone wanted the audience to be shocked).